Náměstí Milady Horákové / Milada Horáková Square

(Plzeň) Plzeň Východní Předměstí
GPS: 49.724447, 13.400362

The public space at the border of the Slovany and Doudlevce districts, named after lawyer, politician and women's rights campaigner Milada Horáková, is one of the principal points of Pilsen’s transport network and key public transport junctions. The Slovany stop is tram No. 1’s terminal station; several bus and trolleybus routes cross here and most interurban transport services arriving to Pilsen from the south-eastern part of the region stop here as well. Most of the area is taken up by a busy intersection and the overall layout of the square is largely organised by transport infrastructure. Irregular areas of greenery are delimited by roads; a tram ring, with a turn-off to the nearby tram depot on the west side of the square, is intersected by the road leading toward Nepomuk. A quieter part of the area spreads away from the busy road. This is a grassy space crisscrossed by an irregular network of gravel paths that continue on from the square to the Homolka forest park.

The first houses in the immediate vicinity of the square were built in the 1930s, namely at its northern and eastern borders in connection to the development of family houses and terraced houses along Slovanská Avenue. Until the 1950s, the Eastern (originally Prague) Suburb ended here along with the tram line; a crossroads was located where the square is now. In 1954, however, the construction of the first of five new residential complexes began south of the square. The realisation of the Slovany I-V blocks of flats in the area between the villas and houses south of Jirásek Square, the Chvojkovy lomy area, Homolka hill, workers' housing near the former Světovar Brewery and the barracks at Nepomucká Avenue occurred until 1963 and was meant to help the city tackle its urgent shortage of flats.

As part of the construction of the Slovany II housing estate in the mid-fifties, the eastern border of the area in the southern part of the square was completed with a type T13 residential house with a ground floor intended for commercial use and amenities. The mouth of Slovanská Alej Avenue, which separated the Slovany I and II estates, was given a monumental scale with 5-storey corner buildings on both sides using modified T13 standardised houses. The exclusive character of the two sites, whose exteriors applied moderate forms of waning Socialist Realism, is also emphasised by their "stepping out" into the street with arcades supported by bossaged columns housing smaller shops and services.

In the 1960s the southern boundary of the square was defined by five-storey apartment buildings based on the T03B type with three row sections. The buildings were a continuation of the development designed within the Slovany V project. No changes such as demolitions, construction or transformations occurred in the following years and decades, leaving these sites as the last significant intervention in the overall appearance of the square.