Jaroslav Rössler

Date of birth: 14. 1. 1886 Kladno

Death date: 27. 11. 1964 Praha

Biography

The architect and urbanist Jaroslav Rössler was born in Kladno into the family of the director of the local State General Craft School on the 14th of January 1886. He studied with Jan Kotěra at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in Prague in the years 1906–1910, and then with Friedrich Ohmann at the Academy of Fine Arts in Vienna, where he also received the honorary Hansen Prize plaque from the hands of Hermann Helmer in 1910 and the Olbrich Prize a year later. He went on study trips to Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, Belgium and Sweden. In 1918, he joined the Czechoslovak Legions in Omsk, Russia. He was a member of the Prague Union of Creative Artists, for whom he designed the exhibition pavilion (known as “Nová Síň” today) on Voršilská Street in Prague’s New Town in the year 1934. He contributed his articles to professional periodicals (e.g. the essay Buildings of General Schools in Styl magazine in 1912) and published a monograph of his own works, Neue Architektur, where in the introduction he expressed his conviction that: “form is an indispensable part of every building work, just as its function and construction are”.

Rössler’s first projects of the 1910s are connected with his birthplace and show the influence of the Kotěra style of Modernism, be it the facades of the Municipal Theatre in Kladno, the house and printing workshop of Jaroslav Šnajdr, or the State Technical School. The last two buildings are characterised by a combination of burlap brick walls and plastered surfaces. Rössler also prepared plans for the development of the square in Kladno. However, he gradually shifted towards a classicising form of Modernism and Neo-Classicism – as manifested in the buildings of the Trade Academy in Brno (1920), and the Czechoslovak State Grammar School in Pilsen (C3–1736, 1923–1937). Towards the end of his architectural work, Rössler arrives at a Purist or even Functionalist expression in some of his buildings, e.g. in house no. 1813 in Prague–Dejvice, apartment house no. 480 in Puškin Square in Prague–Bubeneč, and in the building of the post and telegraph office in Prague–Libeň. Besides designing public buildings and residential houses, he also designed monuments, memorials and plaques, most of them connected with the First World War. During his creative career, he took part in a great many architecture competitions with varying degrees of success.

Jaroslav Rössler was awarded an honour For Outstanding Work in the year 1965. He died in Prague on the 27th of November 1964.

 

Selection of other works

1910
Façade decoration of the Municipal Theatre, Kladno

1911
House and printing house of Jaroslav Šnajdr, Saskova St., Kladno

1914
State Technical School, Kladno

1920
Trade Academy, no. 9 Kotlářská St., Brno

1924–1926
Trade Academy and School for Women’s Occupations, Smetanovo nábřeží, Břeclav

1925
District hospital, no. 438 Holárkovy sady, Louny

1926–1927
Architect’s own villa, no. 18, U Laboratoře St., Prague–Střešovice

1926–1929
Workers Accident Insurance Company, no. 7 nábřeží Kpt. Jaroše, Prague–Holešovice (Prague 7 District Authority and Financial Office for Prague 6 and 7 today)

1927–1928
Villa of O. J. Blažíček, no. 7 Kozlovská St., Prague–Dejvice

1929–1932
Czechoslovak National Bank, Moravská Ostrava (together with K. Roštík)

1930
Town Savings Bank, Jaroměř

1934
Pavilion of the Association of Creative Artists, no. 139 Voršilská St., Prague New Town (later “Nová síň”)
Post and Telegraph Office, Prague–Libeň
Villa, no. 17 Na Babě St., Prague–Dejvice

1935–1938
Reconstruction of the former Carmelite monastery at the Church of St. Havel, Prague Old Town (together with R. Hudec and the firm of V. Nekvasil)

1936
Corps headquarters, Banská Bystrica

1936–1937
Prague Goods and Stock Exchange, Vinohradská St., Prague (later the National and Federal Assembly, the National Museum today)
Apartment house, no. 7 Puškinovo Square, Prague–Bubeneč (design from the year 1928)

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